Education

Swarthmore College
B.S. Engineering (May 2010)

Johns Hopkins University
M.S.E Mechanical Engineering (May 2016)
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering (September 2018)
Thesis: Large-eddy simulations, wake models, and control: Power grid frequency support with wind farms

Work Experience

Postdoctoral Fellow
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
October 2018 – Present

Research Assistant
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
September 2013 – September 2018
Working under Professors Charles Meneveau and Dennice Gayme on modeling and control of wind farms for grid support applications. Develop simple time-dependent wind-turbine wake models and model-based controllers for power grid secondary frequency regulation.

Building Systems Engineer
Steven Winter Associates, Norwalk, CT
January 2011 – July 2013
Conducted research funded by the Department of Energy on advanced energy technologies in residential buildings through the Building America program. Provided educational outreach to building contractors, energy consultants, utilities, and homeowners to promote energy efficiency best practices in residential buildings.

System Advisor Model Intern
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO
July 2010 – November 2010
Developed and implemented algorithm to model backtracking for single-axis tracking photovoltaic systems in System Advisor Model. Implemented shading algorithms for PV systems and solar water heating performance models.

DAAD RISE Intern
Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, Kassel, Germany
May 2009 – August 2009
Constructed a dynamic model of a district heating system for a neighborhood in Kassel. Ran simulations to assess the optimal design and determine the exergy and efficiency savings of using waste heat from the district heating system.

Teaching Experience

Teaching Assistant
Turbulence, Johns Hopkins University, Fall 2017
Energy Systems Analysis, Johns Hopkins University, Spring 2016
Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Fall 2015
Fluid Mechanics I, Johns Hopkins University, Fall 2014

Publications

Peer-Reviewed Journals

  1. C.R. Shapiro, G. Starke, C. Meneveau, & Gayme, D. F. (2019). “A wake modeling paradigm for wind farm design and control.” Energies, 12(15), 2956.
  2. C.R. Shapiro, Gayme, D. F., & C. Meneveau (2019). “Filtered actuator disks: Theory and application to wind turbine models in large eddy simulation.” Wind Energy, 22(1), 1414–1420.
  3. C.R. Shapiro, Gayme, D. F., & C. Meneveau. (2018). “Modelling yawed wind turbine wakes: A lifting line approach.” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 841, R1.
  4. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & Gayme, D. F. (2018). “Wind farms providing secondary frequency regulation: Evaluating the performance of model-based receding horizon control.” Wind Energy Science, 3(1), 11–24.
  5. C.R. Shapiro, Bauweraerts, P., J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & Gayme, D. F. (2017). “Model-based receding horizon control of wind farms for secondary frequency regulation.” Wind Energy, 20(17), 1261–1275.

Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  1. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2018). “Coordinated pitch and torque control of wind farms for power tracking.” American Control Conference. 688–694. Milwaukee, WI.
  2. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2017). “Dynamic wake modeling and state estimation for improved model-based receding horizon control of wind farms.” American Control Conference, 709–2016. Seattle, WA.
  3. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2016). “Wind farms providing secondary frequency regulation: Evaluating the performance of model-based receding horizon control.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 753(5), 052012. The Science of Making Torque from Wind. Munich, Germany.
  4. C.R. Shapiro. (2013). “Determining the thermal resistance of buried and/or encapsulated ducts.” ASHRAE Transactions, 119(2), 1–8. DE-13-C004. ASHRAE Annual Conference. Denver, CO.
  5. L.B. Arena, T.A. Butcher, W.A. Zoeller, & C.R. Shapiro. (2012). “In-field performance of condensing boilers.” ASHRAE Transactions, 118(1), 359–366. CH-12-C046. ASHRAE Winter Conference. Chicago, IL.

Building America White Papers

  1. C.R. Shapiro & S. Puttagunta. (2013). Field performance of heat pump water heaters in the northeast. DOE/GO-102013-3918. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  2. C. Shapiro, W. Zoeller, & P. Mantha. (2013). Measure guideline: buried and/or encapsulated ducts. DOE/GO-102013-3893. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  3. C. Shapiro, Magee, A., & W. Zoeller. (2013). Reducing thermal losses and gains with buried & encapsulated ducts in hot-humid climates. DOE/GO-102013-3719. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  4. W. Zoeller, C. Shapiro, & G. Vijayakumar. (2013). Retrofitting the southeast: The cool energy house. DOE/GO-102013-3824. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  5. S. Puttagunta, C. Shapiro, & H. Natarajan. (2013). Measure guideline: Insulating and air sealing attic sprinklers. DOE/GO-102013-3809. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  6. Eisenberg, L., C. Shapiro, & W. Fleischer. (2012). Retrofit audits and cost estimates: A Look at quality and consistency. DOE/GO-102012-3631. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  7. C. Shapiro, R. Aldrich, & L. Arena. (2012). Retrofitting air conditioning and duct systems in hot, dry climates. DOE/GO-102012-3691. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  8. S. Puttagunta & C. Shapiro. (2012). In-depth look at ground source heat pumps and other electric loads in two greenmax homes. DOE/GO-102012-3532. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  9. C. Shapiro, S. Puttagunta, & D. Owens. (2012). Measure guideline: Heat pump water heaters in new and existing homes. DOE/GO-102012-3456. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Trade Journals

  1. R. Aldrich & C. Shapiro. (2012). “What’s new in water heating?Home Energy, September/October, 46-50.