Education

Swarthmore College
B.S. Engineering (May 2010)

Johns Hopkins University
M.S.E Mechanical Engineering (May 2016)
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering (September 2018)
Thesis: Large-eddy simulations, wake models, and control: Power grid frequency support with wind farms

Work Experience

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC
AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellow, September 2020 – Present

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
Postdoctoral Fellow, October 2018 – August 2020
Research Assistant, September 2013 – September 2018

Steven Winter Associates, Norwalk, CT
Engineer, January 2011 – July 2013

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO
System Advisor Model Intern, July 2010 – November 2010

Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, Kassel, Germany
DAAD RISE Intern, May 2009 – August 2009

Publications

Peer-Reviewed Journals

  1. M. Bastankhah, C.R. Shapiro, S. Shamsoddin, D.F. Gayme, & C. Meneveau (2021). “A vortex sheet based analytical model of the curled wake behind yawed wind turbines.” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 933, A2.
  2. C.R. Shapiro, G.M. Starke, & D.F. Gayme. (2021). “Turbulence and Control of Wind Farms.” Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems.
  3. C.R. Shapiro, D.F. Gayme, & C. Meneveau. (2020). “Generation and decay of counter-rotating vortices downstream of yawed wind turbinesin the atmospheric boundary layer.” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 903, R2.
  4. C.R. Shapiro, G. Starke, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2019). “A wake modeling paradigm for wind farm design and control.” Energies, 12(15), 2956.
  5. C.R. Shapiro, D.F. Gayme, & C. Meneveau. (2019). “Filtered actuator disks: Theory and application to wind turbine models in large eddy simulation.” Wind Energy, 22(1), 1414–1420.
  6. C.R. Shapiro, D.F. Gayme, & C. Meneveau. (2018). “Modelling yawed wind turbine wakes: A lifting line approach.” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 841, R1.
  7. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2018). “Wind farms providing secondary frequency regulation: Evaluating the performance of model-based receding horizon control.” Wind Energy Science, 3(1), 11–24.
  8. C.R. Shapiro, P. Bauweraerts, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2017). “Model-based receding horizon control of wind farms for secondary frequency regulation.” Wind Energy, 20(17), 1261–1275.

Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  1. C.R. Shapiro, C. Ji, & D.F. Gayme. (2020). “Real-time energy market arbitrage via aerodynamic energy storage in wind farms.” American Control Conference. 4830–4835. Denver, CO.
  2. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2018). “Coordinated pitch and torque control of wind farms for power tracking.” American Control Conference. 688–694. Milwaukee, WI.
  3. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2017). “Dynamic wake modeling and state estimation for improved model-based receding horizon control of wind farms.” American Control Conference, 709–2016. Seattle, WA.
  4. C.R. Shapiro, J. Meyers, C. Meneveau, & D.F. Gayme. (2016). “Wind farms providing secondary frequency regulation: Evaluating the performance of model-based receding horizon control.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 753(5), 052012. The Science of Making Torque from Wind. Munich, Germany.
  5. C.R. Shapiro. (2013). “Determining the thermal resistance of buried and/or encapsulated ducts.” ASHRAE Transactions, 119(2), 1–8. DE-13-C004. ASHRAE Annual Conference. Denver, CO.
  6. L.B. Arena, T.A. Butcher, W.A. Zoeller, & C.R. Shapiro. (2012). “In-field performance of condensing boilers.” ASHRAE Transactions, 118(1), 359–366. CH-12-C046. ASHRAE Winter Conference. Chicago, IL.

Building America White Papers

  1. C.R. Shapiro & S. Puttagunta. (2013). Field performance of heat pump water heaters in the northeast. DOE/GO-102013-3918. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  2. C. Shapiro, W. Zoeller, & P. Mantha. (2013). Measure guideline: buried and/or encapsulated ducts. DOE/GO-102013-3893. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  3. C. Shapiro, Magee, A., & W. Zoeller. (2013). Reducing thermal losses and gains with buried & encapsulated ducts in hot-humid climates. DOE/GO-102013-3719. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  4. W. Zoeller, C. Shapiro, & G. Vijayakumar. (2013). Retrofitting the southeast: The cool energy house. DOE/GO-102013-3824. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  5. S. Puttagunta, C. Shapiro, & H. Natarajan. (2013). Measure guideline: Insulating and air sealing attic sprinklers. DOE/GO-102013-3809. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  6. Eisenberg, L., C. Shapiro, & W. Fleischer. (2012). Retrofit audits and cost estimates: A Look at quality and consistency. DOE/GO-102012-3631. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  7. C. Shapiro, R. Aldrich, & L. Arena. (2012). Retrofitting air conditioning and duct systems in hot, dry climates. DOE/GO-102012-3691. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  8. S. Puttagunta & C. Shapiro. (2012). In-depth look at ground source heat pumps and other electric loads in two greenmax homes. DOE/GO-102012-3532. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
  9. C. Shapiro, S. Puttagunta, & D. Owens. (2012). Measure guideline: Heat pump water heaters in new and existing homes. DOE/GO-102012-3456. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Trade Journals

  1. R. Aldrich & C. Shapiro. (2012). “What’s new in water heating?Home Energy, September/October, 46-50.